The 19th century was the European century; the 20th century was the American century and the 21st century could be the women’s century. This is a conclusion drawn from a combination of several factors: the nature of the global economy, the particular qualities of women and the requirements of world development (especially as they pertain to closing the gap between the developed and the developing worlds). This lecture deals with these subjects and more and touches on how men and women as well as organizations and governments must adapt their strategies to this emerging reality. It will also touch on the economic opportunities inherent in this new reality.